Articles and book chapters

See also my university research profile and my profiles on Google Scholar, and ResearchGate.


“Can Nature Hold Rights? It’s not as Easy as you Think”, Transnational Environmental Law (2022) 11(3), 525–552 (Open Access, link).

“Animal Law” in Jan Smits, Catherine Valcke, Jaakko Husa and Madalena Narciso (eds.), Edward Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law, forthcoming.

“Animal Rights and Personhood” in Anne Peters, Saskia Stucki and Kristen Stilt (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Global Animal Law, OUP forthcoming.

“Expanding Agency and Borders of Competence” in Torben Spaak and Gonzalo Villa Rosas (eds.), Legal Competence: Concept, Norms, Formalization, and Exercise, Springer, forthcoming.

“Are Legal Positivism and the Interest Theory of Rights Compatible?” in Mark McBride & Visa AJ Kurki, Without Trimmings: The Legal, Moral and Political Philosophy of Matthew Kramer, Oxford University Press 2022 (link).

“Active but not Independent: The Legal Personhood of Children”, Griffith Law Review (2021) 30(3), 395–4 (Open access, link).

“Interest Theory of Rights: Still Standing”, Legal Theory (2021) 27(4) 352-364 (link).

“On legal personhood: rejoinders, reflections and restatements” (reply to contributors, symposium on A Theory of Legal Personhood) Revus 44 (Open Access, link)

“Legal Personhood and Animal Rights”, Journal of Animal Ethics (2021) 11(1), 47-62 (Open Access, link).

“Animal Rights” (with Saskia Stucki), Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (link).

“Legal Person”, Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (link).

“Rights and Demands” (Critical Notice of Margaret Gilbert’s Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry), Analysis (2019) 79(3): 530–538 (link).

“Drawing the Borders of Animal Law”, Global Journal of Animal Law (2019) 7 (link).

“Rights, Harming and Wronging: A Restatement of the Interest Theory”, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2018) 38(3): 430–450 (Open Access, link).

“Animals, Slaves and Corporations: Analyzing Legal Thinghood”, German Law Journal (2017) 18: 1069–1090 (Open Access, link).

“Legal Competence and Legal Power” in Mark MacBride (ed.), New Essays on the Nature of Rights, Hart Publishing (2017) 31–48 (link).

“Why Things Can Hold Rights: Reconceptualizing the Legal Person” in Visa Kurki and Tomasz Pietrzykowski (eds.): Legal Personhood: Animals, Artificial Intelligence and the Unborn, Springer (2017) 61–90 (link).

“Hohfeldian Infinities: Why Not to Worry”, Res Publica (2017) 23: 137 (Open Access, link).


“Rikosoikeuden subjekti” [The Subject of Criminal Law] in Rikoksen ja rangaistuksen filosofia, Gaudeamus forthcoming.

“Eläinten itsemääräämisoikeus?” [Self-Determination for Animals?] in Itsemääräämisoikeus, Vastapaino forthcoming.

“Eläinoikeudesta oikeudenalana” [On Animal Law as an Area of Law], Lakimies 1/2022: 178–181.

“Kone juridisena henkilönä” [A Machine as Legal Person], in Panu Raatikainen (toim.), Tekoäly, ihminen ja yhteiskunta, Vastapaino 2021.

“Onko eläin esine? Eläimen juridisesta asemasta” [Are Animals Things? On the Legal Status of Animals], Lakimies 6/2020.

Oikeuksien intressiteorian puolustus” [A Defense of the Interest Theory of Rights], in Mitä oikeudet ovat? Filosofian ja oikeustieteen näkökulmia [What Are Rights? Perspectives from Philosophy and Law] , Visa Kurki and Maija Aalto-Heinilä (eds.), Gaudeamus / Helsinki University Press 2019.

“Voiko tekoäly olla oikeussubjekti?” [Can an AI Be a Legal Person?], Lakimies 7–8/2018: 820–839.

“Ei vain oikeuskelpoisuutta – oikeussubjektikäsityksemme ongelmia ja uudelleenarviointia” [Not only Legal Capacity – Problems and Re-evaluation of our Conception of Legal Personhood], Lakimies 5/2018: 469–492.

“Mitä oikeuksia muilla eläimillä on? Eläinoikeudesta ja sen tutkimuksesta” [What Rights Do Other Animals Hold? On Animal Law and Animal Law Research], puheenvuoro, Helsinki Law Review, 1/2018: 50–52.

“Eläinten oikeudet ja oikeussubjektius” [Animal Rights and Legal Personhood] in Mai Kivelä, Veikka Lahtinen and Laura Uotila (eds.): Uusi eläinlaki, Into 2017 (link).

“Analytiikan puolesta: Hohfeldin kehikosta perusoikeuksien aikakaudella” [The Hohfeldian Framework in the Era of Fundamental Rights], Lakimies, 3-4/2015: 434–458 (link).

“Voiko eläin olla oikeussubjekti?” [Can an Animal Be a Legal Person?], Lakimies, 3/2013: 436–458 (link).

“Förbudet mot åsamkande av onödigt lidande enligt djurskyddslagstiftningen” [The Prohibition of Inflicting Unnecessary Suffering under Animal Welfare Law], Tidskrift utgiven av Juridiska Föreningen i Finland, 3/2011: 290–310 (link).